VDRL Seropositivity in Blood Donors in Sudan's North Darfur State-2019

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جامعة الشيخ عبدالله البدري
Objective: The aim of this research was to ascertain how often blood donors were VDRL seropositive and whether there was a connection between syphilis serological evidence and age as well as residency. Methods: A retrospective analysis of sequentially blood donor documents from January to December 2019 was performed out in North Darfur State, Western Sudan. The analytical descriptions wre computed using percentages. Chi-square was used to analyze trends and quantify p-values. Results: There were a total of 6100 enthusiastic blood donors, all of whom were males between the ages of 15 and 55; the average age was 29.5 years. VDRL screenings for syphilis indicated that 794 of them (13.0 %) had serological evidence of syphilis, and the remainder 50306 (78%) were negative. A strong association was found between residency and serological evidence of syphilis infection in the study (P = 0.000). Age was shown to be a strong predictor of the occurrence of transfusion transmissible infections (P = 0.002). When opposed towards the other age categories, the (21-25) and (26-30) year age ranges had a higher incidence. 239/1551 (15.4%), 140/1089(12.8%) were positive respectively. Conclusions: There seems to be an increasing proportion of sero-positive VDRL in blood donations in North Darfur State. An association between syphilis infection and residency was realized, as well as a high prevalence within a particular age demographic with a statistically meaningful correlation