Evaluation of Iron Profiles and Coagulation Profiles in Ischemic Heart Diseases Patients in Elmek Nimir Hospital, Sudan

Abstract Background: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) isa constellation of diseases that includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It belongs to the group of cardio vascular diseases and is the most common type among them. Iron is an essential trace element. It plays an important role in maintaining various cellular function sand enzymatic reactions. On the other hand, excessive intake of iron is known to be a risk factor for the progression of atherosclerosis. Abnormal iron deposition in the heart causes hemochromatosis and dilated cardiomyopathy, which leads to ischemic heart disease. Objective: This study aims to investigate the role of serum iron, serum ferritin, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), PT, and PTT in ischemic heart disease (IHD)and their relationship with other risk factors for IHD. Methods: This is a prospective, case-control, cross-sectional analytical studyconducted at Elmek Nimir University Hospital, Shendi City, to assess they are on profile and coagulation profile of patients with is chemic heart disease. The study included (30) patients diagnosed with is chemic heart disease and the study group was compared with the mean of the control group (20). Serum iron, ferritin, and TIBC were estimated using a spectrophotometer, and PT and PTT were estimated using manual methods. Data were collected using a structured personal questionnaire and the program (SPSS) version (11.5) was used for data analysis. Results: In this study, patients with are chemic heart disease were (40%) male and (60%) female. In this study, iron averaged (41.0) ug/dl (P-value 0.010), ferritin averaged (233.0) ug/dl (P-value 0.000), and TIBC averaged (44.0) µg/dl. Was shown. (P-value 0.000) compared to mean controls (27.0), (162.0), (56.0). A significant difference was found between them on profile and his IHD. This study showed the mean PT, PTT for cases (13.4), (40.4) (P-value 0.024), (P. value 0.009) compared with the mean for controls (12.0), (35.1). A significant difference was found between the coagulation profile and IHD. Conclusions: This studyconcluded that serum levels of iron, ferritin, TIBC, PT, and PTT may be associated with Ischemic heart disease.